Lighthouse Excitement 1906

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On Thursday April 5, 1906, the Anacortes American published an article about the new lighthouse and introducing the first team of keepers — Captain James Hermann and his assistant Edward Pfaff. The reporter’s excitement is palpable — there is much discussion of Captain Hermann’s landscaping prowess and using the light station grounds as a picnic destination. It’s funny to read since we pretty much have the same goals and the same need for landscaping skills!

Here’s the full text of the article:

Lighthouse in Commission. Everything in Good Shape Says Captain J. B. Hermann Keeper.

The light at the Burrows Island light house was put in place and entered commission on April 1st, and Captain J. B. Hermann, keeper, and his assistant, Mr. Edward Pfaff, speak highly of the contractor who put up the buildings and of the engineer-corps, who placed the engines, which are working perfectly. The present light is a stationary one, but in six months the present lenses are to be removed and a revolving light is to be placed in their stead, carrying a red and white light of greater penetration. Captain Hermann is very much pleased with his location and it is safe to say that he will not be there long until that part of Burrows island will be a flower garden, for the captain loves the beautiful and along with his ability as a thorough light house man, he is no mean landscape gardener. Captain Hermann expects his family within two or three weeks. The Columbine has been tending the light house since the arrival of the keeper, whether or not it will continue in that capacity is not known.

The Burrows island light house is of much importance to navigation in this part of the Sound, it has been the cry of navigators for years, and now that we have it, and have been so fortunate as to secure Mr. Hermann as keeper and Mr. Pfaff as his assistant, we should endeavor in every way to make life pleasant for them. Mr. Hermann will go to work at once to beautify the grounds about the mansion and light house and it will not be long until Burrows island will be an attractive place for excursions and picnics.

It is understood the Pacific Wireless Telegraph Co. will in the near future establish a station on the island providing the government will give consent, which there is but little doubt but it will do, and if there is a possibility of getting telephone communications with the island that will also be done. The light house is a success in every way.

Many thanks to the Anacortes History Museum for providing scans of the originals, and to John, a fellow NW Schooner Society researcher, for passing on this clip.

Temporary Assistant Keeper Chas. G. Becker

In a previous post, I wrote a little about the Northwest Schooner Society’s research on the early lighthouse keepers at Burrows Island. We would like to create biographies for all the early keepers and their families; today I will share the beginning of our search for Chas G. Becker, a temporary assistant keeper in the early years.

There were quite a few men named “Chas” or “Charles Becker” in the US around 1900, including a beekeeper in Yakima, WA, two Pennsylvania coal miners, and an infamous New York police officer, who would later be sent to the electric chair for murder. Given the commonness of the name, I am still working on a solid identification of the Chas Becker, who ‘temped’ out at Burrows Island; however, Chas Becker of Port Townsend stands out as a likely candidate.

Chas Becker Headstone

Becker was a longtime resident of the Northwest, living at different times in Seattle and Valdez, Alaska, although he spent at least two decades in Port Townsend. Aside from geography, one factor that suggests this might be our man is that he was a healthcare provider, which could have been an attractive feature for a temporary keeper. If anyone were to need saving at the lighthouse, one can imagine that Becker would have been able to offer at least some help. The census of 1900 lists Becker as a “hospital worker” at Providence Hospital in Seattle. His 1918 draft registration card and the 1920 census list him as a nurse at St. John’s Hospital in Port Townsend, which was also run by the Sisters of Providence. In later years, Becker took on the less physically taxing position of chauffeur for St. John’s. Although we don’t have any pictures yet, WWI draft registration cards did include a physical description. Becker had blue eyes and dark hair. Unlike many of the permanent keepers, he was on the small side at 5’7.” Still, Becker was not scrawny. He is described as a man of “medium build,” which one might expect from a man who made his living lifting and maneuvering patients.

Like many of the early keepers, Becker was not born in the US, but in Europe. Becker emigrated at around 21 from the border region between France and Germany, then known as Alsace-Lorraine. At that time, the area was a territory of Germany, although it had long been home to both French and German speakers. Today, it is part of France (now that’s a long story in itself!).

A native speaker of French, one can imagine that Becker felt a special connection to the Sisters of Providence, an order founded in French-speaking Montreal, Canada. Like the Sisters themselves, Becker appears to have chosen a monastic life; in all the records I have found, his residence is listed as the hospitals were he worked. Becker also never married, listing his sister in Alsace-Lorraine as his nearest relative. Upon his death in 1935, Becker was buried at the local Catholic cemetery, St. Mary’s.

On a whim, I put in a photo request for his headstone on and the community responded immediately. Two volunteers went to the site in Port Townsend and sent me photographs (thank you!). As you can see above, the headstone reads ” Chas Becker / 1873-1935 / died at St. John’s Hospital / faithful unto death.” As we know, Becker spent many years living and working alongside the Sisters of Providence;  the inscription underscores his devotion to the hospital and to the religious community he chose to join.

All these records paint a picture of a man with an unusual combination of adventurousness, religious faith, industry, and a twin desire for solitude and community. A French-speaking immigrant, this Chas Becker found his life’s work caring for others in his chosen homeland. Is he the Chas Becker, who served at Burrows Island Light Station? That remains to be seen. The next step in my research will be to contact the Providence Archives in Seattle and ask if they have any materials related to Chas Becker. Ideally, we would love to see his employment records and a portrait.

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Lighthouse, 1929

Burrows Island Lighthouse, 1929

Gorgeous, right? In this official Coast Guard image, the lighthouse is shown against a backdrop of Puget Sound. If you look carefully, you can see the kelp bed just below the light station was just as vigorous back then. It seems there is an owl perched on the chimney, too. I love that the door is open, offering a tantalizing glimpse inside.

Compare that image (courtesy of the US Coast Guard) to one taken in September 2012.


The lighthouse looks remarkably similar today, with very little having been changed on the exterior aside from the doors and the whitewashing of the trim, which were originally painted a light gray to contrast with the walls. Over the course of time, however, neglect has left the lighthouse in less-than-perfect condition:


Gutter Grass

We are looking forward to getting the lighthouse and the rest of the light station back into shape. It will take the help of many volunteers as well as cash investment of as much as $500,000. If you’d like to learn more, peruse our very detailed to-do lists or read a summary of the restoration process. You can also jump right in and help by making a donation on our secure FirstGiving site.

Burrows Island, 1912

The U.S. Coast Guard Museum in Washington, D. C. came up with this amazing shot of the Light Station in 1912. Compare it to the picture from September 2012 in the header  — isn’t it amazing how the trees have closed in on the light station over the last hundred years? In fact, the Northwest Schooner Society has already removed a few trees that were too close to the historic buildings.

Burrows Island Light Station, 1912

Photo courtesy of the United States Coast Guard. Click the image above to check out a larger version on our Flickr stream. You can also see many more pictures of the lighthouse and outbuildings there.

Finding the Lighthouse Keepers

Not all the work on the Burrows Island Light Station happens on the island. Some of us also do research, trying to find out more about the history of the lighthouse and the people who lived there. Over the next few months, I will be writing a series of posts on the search for information about the lighthouse keepers of Burrows Island. These posts will reveal some new aspects of the lighthouse’s history.

This kind of project can be started in the library or even sipping tea on your couch, now that so many resources have been digitized and put online. To get a complete picture, you usually have to do a combination of digging in the archives and searching electronic databases. A few weeks ago, I started my search by looking up the earliest employment and salary records for Burrows Island Light Station. These, like all early lighthouse employment records, can be found on microfilm at the Seattle branch of the National Archives (NARA). During the period we are interested in, these records were kept by the Light-House Board and were pretty bare bones, although they do give us the names of all keepers and assistant keepers from the opening of the lighthouse in 1906 on through the end of 1912. In some cases, we learned the whole name of the keeper, but in others, only the last name and first initials or a shortened form of the first name.

Once we have a name, we search for likely matches in the census records, birth and death certificates, marriage licenses, naturalization records, and international ship manifests. For male lighthouse keepers, WWI draft registration cards can be another excellent source of information, listing such interesting tidbits as the man’s nearest relative, occupation, and even a physical description. Practically speaking, AncestryLibrary, which is available for free at the library, or the paid consumer edition,, can be a good place to begin, as it centralizes a lot of the records databases in one search.

To kick off the series, I will describe my search for Chas G. Becker, a temporary assistant keeper who filled in for a short time during the first year that the lighthouse was in operation.